It's easy to talk and communicate to hear and understand. Psychoanalysts specialize in hearing and understanding ... without attention.
Quino is a great comedian, often left us speechless because only expressed graphically, without using words.
With a sequence of two scenes (image), "understand" that a lady asks his employee to restore order in a room and this, not just put everything in place, but also relocated to the chaotic images of famous painting Picasso, titled 'Guernica'.
This gives me to think two things:
1) it is more difficult to hear, understand that talk-communicate, and
2) That this difficulty hearing, understanding causes many more people engaged in talk, communicate and so few engage in hear-understand.
Precisely, this difficulty (hearing-understanding) is what few psychoanalysts try to overcome, with many years of study and, above all, personal analysis.
Technically, the psychoanalyst must deploy a floating attention, that is, slightly scattered, as if distracted. I would not do it right if you pay obsessive attention to the sayings of the patient.
This characteristic of psychoanalytic listening brings me back to Pablo Picasso. Apparently, some time, he said, "I do not seek, I find."
As I mentioned a few times, it is not important who said it nor what was meant. What matters is what we think the stimulus that triggers that phrase.
In this case we could say that the "floating attention", the "concentration distracted" is a serene state of consciousness with which we can be aware of everything that happens. With her serve all around us.
In this state, we are not looking for anything in particular, but we are prepared to find anything that might interest us.
So the psychoanalyst listens distractedly.
Note: Original in Spanish (without translation by Google): Por qué escuchar distraídamente.
(Este es el Artículo Nº 2.037)