In the West we believe that humans are a sum of features (Cartesian dualism), and in the East believe that humans are an indivisible whole (holism).
More and more often psychological tests in competitions or examinations include assessment of labor.
Those who have the responsibility to choose the best candidates to fill a vacancy, you may have found that the fragmented stakeholder assessment can be improved with an assessment that integrates the psychological aspects (intelligence, creativity, tolerance, ability to induce and deduce, personality, reading comprehension, tolerance threshold for frustration, emotional stability, sense of humor, ability to work in groups, affections, jealousy, envy, concentration, learning ability, memory, associative capacity and others).
Western intellect is strongly influenced by Cartesian dualism. This true nonsense that has been installed in our culture prevents us from seeing the forest because we can only see trees, one by one, all together (forest), no.
With Cartesian dualism (whereby we are the arithmetic sum of a body plus intellect), we assume that what we know of our existence must also be added in a tone of addition, without access to a comprehensive understanding of the human being.
Thus, Westerners keep adding more and more new elements as they get to know, but is that as new knowledge deepens, we have no choice but to spend only people who engage in study. This explains why we have specialists in the West for almost any branch of knowledge: they are people who know a lot about little.
In Eastern think differently: they try to interpret the world around considering it as an organic, harmonious, balanced whole. To the East, each new knowledge is integrated into everything, trying to understand how it is inseparable from the rest.
Every attempt to influence something (in the video I gave the example of spelling errors), must be addressed globally, considering the disortográfica person as a whole, perfect, harmonious, balanced being. To the East, you can only improve something improving it all.
Business between Chinese and Westerners require a real recent study of that culture, because if the means the same to us misunderstandings can wreck any contract.
Note: Original in Spanish (without translation by Google): Filosofía oriental y occidental.
(Este es el Artículo Nº 2.158)